Pityriasis rosea, possibly a viral infection, is a common skin disease that presents itself as scaly, reddish-pink rash. This condition is mostly seen in children and young adults.
- The cause remains unknown.
- It is non-contagious.
- Some of the studies suggest that it may be caused by viruses or after taking certain medications such as antibiotics or cardiac medications.
- This condition is triggered or aggravated in winters.
- It is most commonly seen in the age group of 10-35 years
- The rash usually appears on the back, abdomen, or chest and then spread to the neck, arms, and legs.
- The rash may remain for some days to several weeks. It may be self-limiting in many cases, and may resulve in about 2-3 months without medicines.
- General feeling of getting ill as tired and achy or getting a culd just before the rash appears.
- The rash may be seen as what may be called as ‘herald patch’ which is the first sign to appear.
- The rash appears as a large, oval, scaly lesion typically seen on the back, abdomen, armpit, or chest.
- In few days time the rash may spread to other parts of the body presenting as skin redness or inflammation.
- Rash found on back tend to form a Christmas tree pattern.
- Typically the rash exists without itching, however in some patients mild itching may be present.
- Exposure to heat or culd, vigorous exercise, etc can worsen itching.
- It may lead to skin disculoration after the rash is subsided that usually takes months to fade.
- Mostly diagnosed clinically by expert eyes.
- Since this condition can look like other skin disorders like eczema, ringworm, syphilis, or psoriasis, a skin biopsy may be required to confirm the diagnosis.
The rash usually goes away on its own in around 2-3 months time but sometimes the symptoms are so distressing that it needs to be treated. In some cases, it may remain for more than 3 months.
- Conventional medicines aim at relieving itching and inflammation caused by pityriasis rosea. The medicines include antihistamines, local and oral corticosteroids and calamine lotion.
Homeopathic treatment is found effective in Pityriasis rosea and it is strongly recommended, especially in resistant and severe cases.