A glaucoma is a group of eye disorders due to loss of cells which are present in the retina and affection of the optic nerve which is the nerve supplying the eye caused by raised pressure in the eye. Untreated Glaucoma can lead to permanent damage to the optic nerve and loss of visual field where a person cannot see beyond a particular angle. Glaucoma is the third most common cause of blindness worldwide.
It is usually without symptoms, hence it is important to go for regular eye check-ups after the age of forty years.
Symptoms can include patchy loss of peripheral vision, reduced clarity of colors, pain in or around the eyeball, nausea or vomiting and visual disturbances like halos around lights.
- Family history
- Diabetic Retinopathy
- Central Retinal Vein Occlusion
- Eye Trauma